This website requires JavaScript.
Last Updated · November 28, 2023

What Is a Webcam? Here's All You Need to Know

what is webcam

What is a webcam in a computer? A webcam is a common video camera that lets users record both videos and still photographs once connected to a personal computer. You can use it for video conferencing with programs such as Zoom, Google Meet, Skype, and other applications.

A digital camera that can be linked to a personal computer and used to transmit live video in real-time is called a webcam. Webcams are used for online meetings, conferencing, and online education the vast majority of the time. However, there are a few additional applications for them. In addition, all cameras are not equal. This article will provide all the information necessary to understand what a webcam is in a laptop and more.

What is a Webcam Used for?

Now that you know what is a webcam, let us understand what a webcam does.

You have undoubtedly heard of webcams and may have even used them. You can link the camera to your computer through a USB cable or wirelessly and integrate the internal cameras into your computer. The internal camera will likely appear as a tiny dot at the top, center of the display, roughly the size of a pencil eraser.

USB and wireless webcams are external devices with the necessary software installed on any computer. They are more versatile in terms of positioning since attaching them to the top of your computer screen is unimportant.

Although webcams have been popular for years, they have become almost indispensable for many students and professionals over extended periods of remote work and social isolation. Several webcams continuously transmit footage from tourist attractions such as museums and zoos. Most cameras have a low resolution of 720p or 1080p, while 4K ones are available.

Webcams are basic devices you can integrate into your laptop or tablet or integrated cameras. They can be desktop-mounted independent devices. However, some computer lacks internal storage for images and tactile control buttons.

Instead, you can control cameras using computer software. To minimize privacy issues, some webcams incorporate physical shutters moved to hide the lens. It makes it physically impossible to activate the camera and record images or videos without the owner's consent.

obsbot tiny 2

What Are the Types of Webcams?

There are two distinct varieties of integrated webcams, wired and wireless models. The capabilities and goals of these various kinds of webcams are distinct; knowing them will help you decide on the best webcam to buy. 
Basic Webcams: These are the fundamental webcams that you'll discover built into your computer. Additionally, there are webcams that you may acquire off the shelf at the majority of personal electronics retailers. You'll find them produced by companies like OBSBOT, Microsoft, Logitech, and Razer, among others, typically intended for usage over a very brief period.

Network/IP Cameras: Network cameras, also known as IP (internet protocol) webcams, have a somewhat different design than traditional webcams. These are for continuous monitoring, and many provide videos of great quality. This webcam is often helpful in security systems, cameras, monitoring pets, and several other applications that call for extended periods of operation.

How Does a Webcam Work?

A webcam is a small digicam connected to a computer to transmit live video (as they happen). It collects light through a small lens at the front using a tiny grid of minuscule light detectors embedded into an image-sensing microchip. In minutes, the image sensor and electronics turn the picture in front of the camera into a digital format that a PC can interpret; a string of zeros and ones.

So, what is the use of a web camera?

Unlike a digital camera, a webcam does not include a built-in memory chip or flash memory card since it is for recording and sending images to a computer. It is why cameras have USB cords protruding from the rear. The USB connection provides power to the camera from the computer. It returns the digital data acquired by the webcam's image sensor to the computer, which then transmits it to the Internet. Some webcams operate wirelessly and do not need a computer connection but use Wi-Fi to transfer their images to your Internet router. It makes them accessible to other devices on your home network or the Internet anywhere.

What Should I Look for in a Webcam?

Many specifications define the performance of a webcam. To ensure you know what is a good webcam, you must look at the actual specs and follow some general rules, hints, and tips.

  • Resolution: Some individuals seem significantly less sharp during video conferences and conversations, usually caused by the camera's or webcam's resolution. We measure the webcam's resolution in pixels. Most video these days is HD, and the video resolution is 1920 x 1080. The images are in landscape orientation, with a longer dimension on the horizontal plane and a shorter dimension on the vertical plane. It implies it is 1920 pixels wide by 1080 pixels high. It is often referred to as 1080p.
  • Frame rate: The frame rate of the webcam can also be significant. The frame rate is the rate the camera updates, typically quoted in terms of frames per second, fps. It is essentially the number of times you update the picture. Standard frame rates are 30 fps and 60 fps. The lens on the camera is significant since it determines several aspects of the image quality. You cannot use the parameters to evaluate the real lens quality. One essential component is the aperture. The aperture controls how much it catches the light, which is crucial when the illumination in the room is poor. The larger the aperture, the better the image will most likely be.
  • Field of view: The webcam's field of vision is another significant factor in lens performance. The focal length of a standard still camera is generally available, and you can calculate the field of vision using the sensor size. You can state the entire field of vision in terms of angle of view for webcams in degrees. Figures of 65° to 90° are famous, but some are available with a 120°-a vast angle!
  • Fixed or variable focus: The focus is another important consideration for a webcam. A webcam requires focusing like a still camera, camcorder, or another device. Many low-cost webcams have fixed focus, meaning they assume a certain distance and concentrate on it. Also, the larger the field of vision, the less crucial the focus is, which is why affordable webcams have a wider angle.
  • Microphones: It is natural to include a microphone with a camera, which is usually the case. A decent microphone will undoubtedly improve the overall effect of any video conference. A low-cost camera is likely to have a low-quality microphone that sounds tinny. It is not the way to impress consumers on business calls, etc.
  • Interface: Most cameras use a USB interface because almost every computer has a USB port, you can connect it to it. Check that the lead has the correct USB connection; otherwise, an adapter may be necessary. Most cameras will have a USB Type-A connection, and a USB Type-2 usually gives enough data rate. If your computer has a USB 3 interface with Type C connections, you'll need an adapter or possibly a USB hub with USB Type-A connectors.
  • Mounting arrangements: Webcams are easily installable. One style fits nicely on top of the display. It is perfect for many meetings since it provides an almost eye-line perspective. Instead, the typical laptop view, in which you can see the user staring down into the computer. This perspective may be somewhat intimidating for others on the call at times. The eye-line kind provides a much superior vision.
  • Video encoding: The type used is a specification that often appears throughout the standard. Usually, this is H.264. Almost all webcams utilize this, and even if it isn't indicated, this is most likely the encoding method used since it is compatible with most computers, etc.

External Webcams Vs. Built-in Computer Cameras

Webcams are often part of all current laptops, typically in the bezel at the top, more or less aligned with the user's eyes. Few laptops place the webcam in the display's bottom bezel, causing it to aim up toward the user's nose.

As for webcams, you can use tablets with front-facing cameras in the bezel, such as the iPad, Amazon Fire tablets, and Android devices. There are also standalone cameras that connect to your computer through USB. You can add these external cameras to a desktop computer or use them to replace a laptop's built-in webcam.

Built-in cameras benefit from being built into the computer, requiring no further setup or configuration. The webcam cost is already in the initial purchase of the laptop.

What is the Best Webcam for Streaming & Zoom Meetings?

What is the best webcam for Zoom meetings?

The OBSBOT Tiny 2 is the perfect webcam for broadcasting and Zoom meetings. With its unique auto-tracking and auto-framing in 4K resolution, it's a game changer in the webcam arena.

What distinguishes the OBSBOT Tiny 2:

  • A 1/1.5" image sensor powers the OBSBOT Tiny 2 Webcam. It also has 4K/30fps and 1080P/60fps video capabilities. HDR and auto-exposure improve image quality in all lighting conditions. The camera can also digitally zoom up to 4x.
  • The Tiny 2 is a well-designed camera, but its AI functions set it apart. The camera uses deep learning neural network computing to provide AI Tracking, Auto Framing, and Gesture Control.
  • Auto tracking combined with auto-framing allows you to roam freely without worrying about falling out of frame. You may choose between three customizable modes for various scenarios. The video below demonstrates how each one works.
  • The OBSBOT Tiny 2 Webcam has a 2-axis gimbal with a 150° pan and 90° tilt capabilities. A camera indicator light and two omnidirectional microphones are on the front of the camera.
  • Take command without a touch. Dynamic gesture control and voice control allow hands-free operation, letting you control the camera's functions with simple hand movements/voice commands, providing an intuitive and engaging experience.


When it comes to what to look for in a webcam? Webcams do not have to be expensive, but investing in a good one will pay off more than simply getting the cheapest one on the market. Understanding camera specs and determining which ones fulfill the criteria allows you to have a webcam that will give beneficial service for a long time without spending a lot.

However, if you are thinking about "what is the best webcam for streaming" and already have a digital camera, you may consider using it as a webcam. Some digital cameras even have a built-in webcam button or mode, making it very simple.

Finally, now that you know what a is webcam, we would urge you to try the Tiny 2 for all your video calling and other webcam needs.